Periodicity.: January - March 2016
e-ISSN......: 2236-269X
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Principal components in multivariate control charts applied to data instrumentation of DAMS

Emerson Lazzarotto, Liliana Madalena Gramani, Anselmo Chaves Neto, Luiz Albino Teixeira Junior


Hydroelectric plants are monitored by a high number of instruments that assess various quality characteristics of interest that have an inherent variability. The readings of these instruments generate time series of data on many occasions have correlation. Each project of a dam plant has characteristics that make it unique. Faced with the need to establish statistical control limits for the instrumentation data, this article makes an approach to multivariate statistical analysis and proposes a model that uses principal components control charts and statistical and to explain variability and establish a method of monitoring to control future observations. An application for section E of the Itaipu hydroelectric plant is performed to validate the model. The results show that the method used is appropriate and can help identify the type of outliers, reducing false alarms and reveal instruments that have higher contribution to the variability.


Statistical quality control; multivariate control charts; principal component analysis; dam safety.

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Copyright (c) 2016 Emerson Lazzarotto, Liliana Madalena Gramani, Anselmo Chaves Neto, Luiz Albino Teixeira Junior

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